Discovery of Didymocarpus janakiae in Arunachal Pradesh

Discovery of Didymocarpus janakiae in Arunachal Pradesh

Didymocarpus janakiae, a new plant species, was discovered in Arunachal Pradesh, India, and named in honor of Dr. EK Janaki Ammal.

Discovery Details

  • Discovered by Rhuthuparna S.B. and Dr. Vinita Gowda of IISER Bhopal in 2023.
  • Found during field surveys in northeast India, specifically in the West Kameng district, Arunachal Pradesh.

Taxonomic Classification

  • Belongs to the genus Didymocarpus in the Gesneriaceae family.
  • D. janakiae is the 111th species in the genus and one of 27 species found in India.

Habitat and Ecology

  • Found in sub-tropical forests at an altitude of 2,300 meters.
  • Typically grows on moss-covered rocks in undisturbed habitats.

Conservation Status

  • Faces critical threat due to habitat degradation from rapid development.
  • Proposed for listing as Critically Endangered under IUCN guidelines.

Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs):

  1. Who is Didymocarpus janakiae named after?
    • A) Dr. EK Janaki Ammal
    • B) Dr. Vinita Gowda
    • C) Rhuthuparna S.B.
    • D) C.D. Darlington
    • Answer: A) Dr. EK Janaki Ammal
  2. Which genus does Didymocarpus janakiae belong to?
    • A) Magnolia
    • B) Gesneriaceae
    • C) Orchidaceae
    • D) Rosaceae
    • Answer: B) Gesneriaceae
  3. Where was Didymocarpus janakiae discovered?
    • A) Western Ghats
    • B) Sundarbans
    • C) Arunachal Pradesh
    • D) Kerala
    • Answer: C) Arunachal Pradesh
  4. What is the proposed conservation status of Didymocarpus janakiae?
    • A) Endangered
    • B) Vulnerable
    • C) Critically Endangered
    • D) Near Threatened
    • Answer: C) Critically Endangered
  5. Who co-authored “The Chromosome Atlas of Cultivated Plants” with Dr. EK Janaki Ammal?
    • A) C.D. Darlington
    • B) Dr. Vinita Gowda
    • C) Rhuthuparna S.B.
    • D) Charles Alfred Barber
    • Answer: A) C.D. Darlington