Tuesday, September 27, 2022

Giraffes are disappearing from Africa, Only 1.17 lacs left: Survey

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Giraffes are disappearing from Africa: Giraffes are fast disappearing from Africa. A recent survey from the Giraffe Conservation Foundation (GCF) shows that Giraffes are fast disappearing from Africa. Only 1,17,000 giraffes are in Africa. Click here to join telegram study group →

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In the 1980s, there were more than 1,55,000 giraffes on the continent. This is a drop of almost 30%. Now, for every three to four elephants in Africa, only one giraffe remains.

Types of Giraffe

The report estimates that there are four distinct species of giraffes –

  • Northern giraffe
  • Southern giraffe
  • Masai giraffe
  • Reticulated giraffe

Extinction of Giraffe

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The report says that three of these four giraffe species are now threatened with extinction. The northern giraffe is the rarest of the four species with around 5,900 of them remaining.

As per the report, giraffes are already extinct in at least seven countries in Africa. Their existence is threatened by habitat loss, civil unrest, and illegal hunting.

Mozambique in southeastern Africa is one such example where years of civil war has wiped out giraffes in large numbers. Acacia trees, their main food source, are cut to make space for agricultural and other constructional activities. Giraffes are also poached for their hides, meat, and body parts.

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In 2016, giraffes were listed as ‘Vulnerable’ on the IUCN Red List of threatened species.

About Giraffe

The giraffe is a tall African hoofed mammal belonging to the genus Giraffa. It is the tallest living terrestrial animal and the largest ruminant-hoofed herbivorous on Earth.

It is classified by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) as vulnerable to extinction.

Facts

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#1) Giraffes are the tallest land animals.

#2) A giraffe’s 6-foot (1.8-meter) neck weighs about 600 pounds (272 kilograms).

#3) The legs of a giraffe are also 6 feet (1.8 meters) long. The back legs look shorter than the front legs, but they are about the same length.

#4) A giraffe’s heart is 2 feet (0.6 meters) long and weighs about 25 pounds (11 kilograms), and its lungs can hold 12 gallons (55 liters) of air.

#5) Giraffes have a small hump on their back and have a spotted pattern similar to that of a leopard.

#6) Height: Females, up to 14 feet (4.3 meters); males, up to 18 feet (5.5 meters)

#7) Weight: Females, up to 1,500 pounds (680 kilograms); males, up to 3,000 pounds (1,360 kilograms)

#8) Giraffes have life span of 15 to 20 years.

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