Health Advisory in Kerala: Caution on Amoebic Meningoencephalitis and Other Diseases

Health Advisory in Kerala: Caution on Amoebic Meningoencephalitis and Other Diseases

Due to persistent rainfall in Kerala, the health department has issued warnings about various diseases, including amoebic meningoencephalitis and others such as colds, viral fevers, dengue, and H1N1.

Avoidance of Risky Activities

The health department advises against bathing or diving in stagnant water, especially in Kerala where cases of amoebic meningoencephalitis have been reported. It stresses the importance of ensuring adequate chlorination in theme parks and swimming pools to maintain water cleanliness.

Symptoms and Urgent Actions

State Health Minister Veena George emphasizes seeking medical attention promptly if individuals experience prolonged fever or other concerning symptoms:

  • Shortness of breath with fever
  • Excessive palpitation
  • Chest pain
  • Slurred speech
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Blood in sputum
  • Excessive fatigue

Understanding Amoebic Meningoencephalitis

Nature of the Infection: Amoebic meningoencephalitis, caused by Naegleria fowleri, is a rare and often fatal infection of the brain and its surrounding tissues. This amoeba is commonly found in warm freshwater environments like lakes, rivers, and hot springs.

Infection Mechanism: Naegleria fowleri typically enters the body through the nasal passages when contaminated water is forcefully inhaled, such as during activities like swimming or using untreated water for nasal irrigation.

Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) with Answers:

  1. What disease has the health department cautioned about in Kerala due to continued rain?
    • A) Amoebic meningoencephalitis
    • B) Osteoporosis
    • C) Common cold
    • D) All of the above
    • Answer: A) Amoebic meningoencephalitis
  2. Which symptom requires immediate medical attention, according to the State Health Minister?
    • A) Mild headache
    • B) Persistent fever
    • C) Slight dizziness
    • D) Occasional cough
    • Answer: B) Persistent fever
  3. How does Naegleria fowleri primarily enter the human body?
    • A) Through ingestion of contaminated water
    • B) Through skin contact with contaminated water
    • C) Through the eyes
    • D) Through the nasal passages
    • Answer: D) Through the nasal passages
  4. What precaution is recommended to prevent amoebic meningoencephalitis during water-related activities?
    • A) Using only fresh water
    • B) Avoiding nasal exposure to water
    • C) Swimming only in hot springs
    • D) Wearing a full-body suit
    • Answer: B) Avoiding nasal exposure to water