Indian Army Launches First Skin Bank to Aid Burn Victims

Indian Army Launches First Skin Bank to Aid Burn Victims

The Indian Army has initiated a new skin bank facility to aid in the treatment of severe skin burn injuries and other related conditions for military personnel and their families.

Facility Overview

  • Purpose: To collect, process, store, and distribute skin grafts.
  • Staff: Includes trained medical professionals like plastic surgeons, tissue engineers, and specialized technicians.


  • Operation: Centralized hub within Armed Forces Medical Services.
  • Resource: Critical for military medical centers nationwide.

Lt Gen Ajith Nilakantan’s Statement

  • Mentions the establishment of the skin bank as part of the Armed Forces Organ Retrieval and Transplant Authority (AORTA).
  • Highlights the licensing and operational aspects of the facility.

Skin Banking Process

  • Donation: Skin is donated from deceased individuals.
  • Processing: Tested for infections, processed, and frozen until required.
  • Usage: Primarily for skin grafting procedures in burn victims.

Skin Grafting Procedure

  • Types: Autograft (from patient’s own body) and allograft (from a donor via skin bank).
  • Steps: Harvesting healthy skin, transplanting, and monitoring integration.

Benefits of Skin Grafting

  • Impact: Reduces mortality, enhances healing, and reduces hospital stays and costs.

Donation Criteria and Restrictions

  • Eligibility: Minimum age 18, regardless of sex or blood group.
  • Exclusions: Individuals with certain infections or diseases like AIDS, Hepatitis B & C, etc.

Preservation and Storage

  • Method: Preserved in 85% glycerol solution.
  • Temperature: Stored at 4-5 degrees Celsius for up to 5 years.

Additional Skin Bank Centers in India

  • Locations: Established in North India (Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi) and other regions (Maharashtra, Chennai, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha).

Multiple-Choice Questions (MCQs) with Answers:

  1. What is the primary purpose of the skin bank recently launched by the Indian Army?
    • A) Organ transplantation
    • B) Treatment of burn injuries
    • C) Blood donation
    • D) Cancer treatment
    • Answer: B) Treatment of burn injuries
  2. Which medical professionals are involved in operating the skin bank?
    • A) Cardiologists
    • B) Plastic surgeons and tissue engineers
    • C) Dentists
    • D) Psychologists
    • Answer: B) Plastic surgeons and tissue engineers
  3. How long can donated skin be preserved in the skin bank’s storage conditions?
    • A) Up to 1 year
    • B) Up to 3 years
    • C) Up to 5 years
    • D) Up to 10 years
    • Answer: C) Up to 5 years
  4. Which temperature range is maintained for storing skin in the skin bank?
    • A) 0-2 degrees Celsius
    • B) 2-4 degrees Celsius
    • C) 4-5 degrees Celsius
    • D) 5-7 degrees Celsius
    • Answer: C) 4-5 degrees Celsius
  5. Who is eligible to donate skin to the skin bank?
    • A) Only males
    • B) Only females
    • C) Anyone aged 18 years or older
    • D) Only those with O+ blood group
    • Answer: C) Anyone aged 18 years or older