Tuesday, September 27, 2022

OBC, EWS get quotas in all-India seats of state medical, dental colleges

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The Central government announced that it will provide 27% reservation for OBCs and 10% reservation for the economically weaker section (EWS) in the All India Quota (AIQ) scheme for undergraduate and postgraduate medical/dental courses in state medical and dental colleges from the current 2021-22 academic year onward.

The AIQ consists of 15% of total available UG seats and 50% of total available PG seats in government medical colleges. The reservation would apply to these seats under the AIQ for undergraduate and postgraduate medical/dental courses (MBBS/ MD/MS/Diploma/BDS/MDS) in state medical and dental colleges.

This decision would benefit every year nearly 1,500 OBC students in MBBS and 2,500 OBC students in postgraduation, and also around 550 EWS students in MBBS and around 1,000 EWS students in postgraduation.

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The move was necessitated as the uniform 27% reservation for OBCs was not extended to the AIQ seats of state medical and dental colleges.

The AIQ scheme was introduced in 1986 under the directions of the Supreme Court to provide domicile-free merit-based opportunities to students from any state to aspire to study in a good medical college in another state.

According to the Ministry, there was no reservation in the AIQ scheme up to 2007. That year, the Supreme Court introduced a reservation of 15% for SCs and 7.5% for STs in the AIQ scheme.

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When the Central Educational Institutions (Reservation in Admission) Act became effective in 2007 providing for uniform 27% reservation to OBCs, the same was implemented in all the Central Educational Institutions viz. Safdarjung Hospital, Lady Hardinge Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University and Banaras Hindu University, etc. However, this was not extended to the AIQ seats of State medical and dental colleges.

During the last six years, MBBS seats in the country have increased by 56% from 54,348 in 2014 to 84,649 in 2020. The number of PG seats has increased by 80% — from 30,191in 2014 to 54,275 in 2020. During the same period, 179 new medical colleges have been established; the country now has 558 (Govt: 289, Pvt: 269) medical colleges.

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