Return of the Indian Gaur in Nagarjunasagar Srisailam Tiger Reserve

Return of the Indian Gaur in Nagarjunasagar Srisailam Tiger Reserve

After several decades of local extinction, the Indian gaur has been spotted in the Nagarjunasagar Srisailam Tiger Reserve (NSTR) in Andhra Pradesh. Telangana forest officials confirmed that this gaur was previously seen in the Amrabad Tiger Reserve last year and has now migrated to NSTR.

Reasons for Local Extinction

The Indian gaur was locally extinct due to factors such as agriculture and hunting. For at least 40 years, there had been no reports of the gaur in NSTR.

Current Sightings and Monitoring

Since the summer, the Indian gaur has been observed in various areas including Atmakur, Veligonda, and Bairluty. The animal is being tracked with camera traps and patrolling teams. It is currently a single individual.

Population and Reintroduction Plans

NSTR Atmakur Project Tiger deputy director V. Saibabad stated, “The Indian gaur is a one-ton animal and falls into the mega herbivore category alongside elephants and rhinoceroses. We have a proposal in the final stages for reintroducing the Indian gaur. Depending on the male-to-female ratio, we may introduce 10 to 20 Indian gaurs into the area.”

Past Sightings and Future Proposals

Amrabad forest divisional officer Rohit Gopidi mentioned that the Indian gaur was spotted in the Amrabad Tiger Reserve six months ago. Initially thought to have come from Yadgiri in Karnataka, it is now believed to have wandered from other states. Telangana has submitted a proposal to reintroduce the Indian gaur into the Amrabad Tiger Reserve, pending approval from the National Board for Wildlife.

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Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs):

  1. Where was the Indian gaur spotted after being locally extinct for several decades?
    • A. Papikonda Wildlife Sanctuary
    • B. Nagarjunasagar Srisailam Tiger Reserve
    • C. Kawal Tiger Reserve
    • D. Yadgiri
    Answer: B. Nagarjunasagar Srisailam Tiger Reserve
  2. What category of herbivore does the Indian gaur fall into?
    • A. Small herbivore
    • B. Medium herbivore
    • C. Large herbivore
    • D. Mega herbivore
    Answer: D. Mega herbivore
  3. How many Indian gaurs does NSTR plan to introduce into the area?
    • A. 5 to 10
    • B. 10 to 20
    • C. 20 to 30
    • D. 30 to 40
    Answer: B. 10 to 20
  4. What traditional spices are known for their digestive and respiratory benefits?
    • A. Turmeric and Ginger
    • B. Cinnamon and Clove
    • C. Stone Flower and Mulethi
    • D. Saffron and Cardamom
    Answer: C. Stone Flower and Mulethi
  5. Who believes Tiger Shroff is on the verge of a comeback despite recent flops?
    • A. Karan Johar
    • B. Rohit Shetty
    • C. Ahmed Khan
    • D. Sanjay Leela Bhansali
    Answer: C. Ahmed Khan