African Health Ministers Pledge to Combat Malaria: Summary of Yaoundé Declaration

African Health Ministers Pledge to Combat Malaria: Summary of Yaoundé Declaration

In a gathering in Cameroon’s capital Yaoundé, various stakeholders pledged to end malaria deaths, recognizing the current tools and systems available. This declaration comes amidst a significant surge in malaria cases globally, especially in Africa.

Current Malaria Situation

  • Globally, malaria cases rose from 233 million in 2019 to 249 million in 2022.
  • Africa witnessed a surge from 218 million to 233 million cases during the same period.
  • Africa remains the epicenter of the malaria crisis, accounting for 94% of global cases and 95% of global malaria-related deaths.

Participants and High-Burden Countries

  • Health ministers from 11 African countries participated, which bear the highest burden of malaria infections and deaths.
  • These countries account for more than 70% of the global malaria burden.

Commitments in the Yaoundé Declaration

  • Health ministers declared an unwavering commitment to fight malaria.
  • They emphasized the urgency to address the root causes of stagnation.
  • Pledged to amplify investments in health sector infrastructure, personnel capacity, and program implementation.
  • Aimed to foster multi-sectoral collaboration and strategic partnerships.

Evaluation and Challenges

  • While the declaration signifies political will, experts emphasize the need for accompanying actions.
  • The African Union aims to control and eliminate malaria by 2030.
  • Progress has been insufficient, with significant financial gaps and targets not being met.


  • Urgent action and increased funding are necessary to sustain basic malaria services and progress towards elimination.
  • Additional funding is needed for climate adaptation in the health sector.

Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) with Answers:

  1. What was the focus of the Yaoundé Declaration on Malaria?
    • a) Ending all infectious diseases
    • b) Reducing malaria deaths
    • c) Eradicating mosquitoes
    • d) Improving sanitation in African countries
    • Answer: b) Reducing malaria deaths
  2. Which region bears the highest burden of malaria cases and deaths?
    • a) Europe
    • b) Asia
    • c) Africa
    • d) North America
    • Answer: c) Africa
  3. How many African countries’ health ministers participated in the Yaoundé conference?
    • a) 5
    • b) 7
    • c) 11
    • d) 15
    • Answer: c) 11
  4. What is emphasized as necessary alongside political will in the fight against malaria?
    • a) Strategic planning
    • b) Financial investments
    • c) Developing new medicines
    • d) Building more hospitals
    • Answer: b) Financial investments
  5. What is the target year set by the African Union for controlling and eliminating malaria?
    • a) 2025
    • b) 2030
    • c) 2040
    • d) 2050
    • Answer: b) 2030