Discovery of Radio Galaxy J0011+3217

Discovery of Radio Galaxy J0011+3217

Astronomers have made a significant discovery using the LOw-Frequency ARray (LOFAR). They identified a new radio galaxy, designated J0011+3217. This discovery was detailed in a research paper published on June 21 on the pre-print server arXiv.

Unique Features of J0011+3217

The newfound galaxy J0011+3217 exhibits peculiar characteristics, including a one-sided secondary lobe. These features were revealed through extensive research and observations.

Radio Emissions from Galaxy Cores

Radio galaxies are known for emitting large amounts of radio waves from their central cores. At the heart of these galaxies, black holes accrete gas and dust, generating high-energy jets that propel electrically charged particles to extremely high velocities.

Structure of a Typical Radio Galaxy

According to a report by, a typical radio galaxy during its active phase, which can last up to 100 million years, includes the following features:

  • Lobes
  • Jets
  • Hotspots
  • Core

These features generally fade once the galaxy transitions to the remnant or dying phase, and the active galactic nucleus (AGN) turns off.

Detection by the Research Team

A team of astronomers led by Shobha Kumar from Midnapore City College in India reported the detection of the radio galaxy J0011+3217 with lobes. They identified this peculiar galaxy from the LOFAR Two-meter Sky Survey second data release (LoTSS DR2) at 144 MHz.

Influence of Ram Pressure

The researchers suggest that the morphology of J0011+3217 is influenced by ram pressure created due to the Abell 7 cluster. This highlights the complex interactions between the radio galaxy and its surrounding cluster environment.

Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs):

  1. What is the designation of the newly discovered radio galaxy?
    • a) J0022+3217
    • b) J0011+3217
    • c) J0012+3218
    • d) J0021+3216
    Answer: b) J0011+3217
  2. Which tool was used to discover the new radio galaxy?
    • a) Hubble Space Telescope
    • b) Very Large Telescope
    • c) LOw-Frequency ARray (LOFAR)
    • d) Arecibo Observatory
    Answer: c) LOw-Frequency ARray (LOFAR)
  3. What is a unique feature of the radio galaxy J0011+3217?
    • a) Double-sided lobes
    • b) One-sided secondary lobe
    • c) Multiple black holes
    • d) Spiral arms
    Answer: b) One-sided secondary lobe
  4. What is found at the core of radio galaxies?
    • a) Spiral arms
    • b) Stars
    • c) Black holes accreting gas and dust
    • d) Nebulae
    Answer: c) Black holes accreting gas and dust
  5. What causes the peculiar morphology of J0011+3217 according to the researchers?
    • a) Gravitational interactions with nearby galaxies
    • b) Influence of ram pressure from the Abell 7 cluster
    • c) High-energy cosmic rays
    • d) Solar winds
    Answer: b) Influence of ram pressure from the Abell 7 cluster