Successful Test of Agni-Prime Missile Strengthens India’s Strategic Capabilities

Successful Test of Agni-Prime Missile Strengthens India’s Strategic Capabilities

The Agni-Prime, a new generation ballistic missile, was successfully flight-tested by the Strategic Forces Command (SFC) in collaboration with the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) from the Dr APJ Abdul Kalam Island off the coast of Odisha.

Test Details:

  • Time and Location: The test took place around 7 pm on Wednesday, from Dr APJ Abdul Kalam Island.
  • Success Confirmation: The Defence Ministry confirmed that the test met all trial objectives, validating its reliable performance. Data from range sensors, including two downrange ships, supported this confirmation.
  • Witnesses: The Chief of Defence Staff, Chief of SFC, and senior officials from DRDO and the Army witnessed the launch.

Missile Description:

  • Name: Agni-Prime (Agni-P)
  • Type: Two-stage canisterised solid propellant ballistic missile.
  • Guidance System: Equipped with a dual redundant navigation and guidance system.
  • Range: 1,000-2,000 km.
  • First Test: Initially tested in June 2021.
  • Characteristics: Lighter compared to earlier Agni series missiles.

Previous Tests:

  • Pre-induction Night Launch: In June 2023, the first pre-induction night launch was conducted by users after three successful developmental trials, affirming the system’s accuracy and reliability.


  • Backbone of India’s Nuclear Delivery: Agni series, along with Prithvi short-range ballistic missiles and fighter aircraft, forms India’s nuclear weapons delivery system.
  • Completion of Nuclear Triad: India has completed its nuclear triad, including operationalization of second-strike capability with the nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine INS Arihant conducting deterrence patrols.

Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs):

  1. What is the name of the new generation ballistic missile successfully tested by the SFC and DRDO?
    • A) Agni-II
    • B) Agni-Prime
    • C) Agni-V
    • D) Agni-IV
    • Answer: B) Agni-Prime
  2. When was the Agni-Prime missile first tested?
    • A) June 2020
    • B) June 2021
    • C) June 2022
    • D) June 2023
    • Answer: B) June 2021
  3. What is the range of the Agni-Prime missile?
    • A) 500-1000 km
    • B) 1000-1500 km
    • C) 1500-2000 km
    • D) 2000-2500 km
    • Answer: C) 1000-2000 km
  4. Which organization witnessed the launch of the Agni-Prime missile?
    • A) Indian Air Force
    • B) Indian Navy
    • C) Indian Army
    • D) Strategic Forces Command
    • Answer: D) Strategic Forces Command
  5. What is the significance of the Agni series of missiles for India?
    • A) They are primarily used for civilian purposes.
    • B) They form India’s nuclear weapons delivery system.
    • C) They are used for space exploration.
    • D) They are anti-satellite missiles.
    • Answer: B) They form India’s nuclear weapons delivery system.