The Israel-Hamas conflict is a complex and deeply rooted issue, devoid of simple solutions. To fathom this ongoing conflict and its dire consequences, it is imperative to grasp its historical context and the actions of both parties.
On October 7, Hamas militants launched a bold cross-border attack on Israel, breaching the border fence and initiating a violent incursion into southern Israel. The surprising lack of resistance resulted in a bloody rampage through civilian areas, causing significant casualties among both Israelis and Palestinians.
Subsequently, Israel declared war on Hamas in response to the attack, further escalating the violence. Gaza, which was already under strain, faced a “full siege” with severe restrictions on essential supplies, exacerbating the humanitarian crisis in the region.
The roots of the Israel-Hamas conflict stretch far back in time, predating the establishment of the state of Israel in 1948 and the founding of Hamas in 1987. In this section, we delve into the historical context and territorial claims of both parties.
Hamas, designated as a terrorist organization by the United States, has held control over Gaza since 2006. This subheading explores Hamas’ political background, its goals, and its use of violence against Israel.
Israel’s response to Hamas has encompassed military force and a long-standing blockade on Gaza, criticized by some as collective punishment and a violation of international law. This section examines Israel’s approach to the conflict.
Tensions in the region have simmered for years, with sporadic outbreaks of violence. This subheading discusses the events leading up to the recent escalation, including the clashes in East Jerusalem in May 2021.