World Thyroid Day 2024: Focusing on Thyroid Health and Non-Communicable Diseases

World Thyroid Day 2024: Focusing on Thyroid Health and Non-Communicable Diseases

World Thyroid Day serves as a crucial reminder of the impact thyroid health has on overall well-being. Through education, early detection, and patient support, this global initiative aims to enhance the quality of life for those affected by thyroid disorders.

Observance and Date

  • Observance: Annually on May 25th.
  • Purpose: Raise awareness about the thyroid gland and its related conditions.

Importance of the Thyroid Gland

  • Location: Base of the neck, resembling a butterfly in shape.
  • Function: Produces thyroxine and triiodothyronine, vital for metabolism, growth, and reproduction.

Types of Thyroid Disorders

  1. Hypothyroidism:
    • Definition: Underproduction of thyroid hormones.
    • Symptoms: Fatigue, weight gain, depression.
  2. Hyperthyroidism:
    • Definition: Overproduction of thyroid hormones.
    • Symptoms: Weight loss, rapid heartbeat, anxiety.
  3. Thyroid Cancer:
    • Description: Malignant growth within the thyroid gland.
    • Variability: Severity and treatment options vary.
  4. Goitre:
    • Description: Enlargement of the thyroid gland.
    • Symptoms: Visible swelling in the neck.

Theme and History

  • Theme 2024: Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs).
  • History: Founded by the European Thyroid Association in 1965; declared World Thyroid Day by the Thyroid Federation International (TFI) in 2007.

Significance and Objectives

  • Raise Awareness: Educate on symptoms, risks, and treatments.
  • Promote Early Diagnosis: Encourage regular screening.
  • Support Patients: Provide resources and support networks.
  • Advance Research: Highlight ongoing research and encourage investment in treatments and diagnostics.

Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) with Answers:

  1. Where is the thyroid gland located?
    • A) In the chest
    • B) At the base of the neck
    • C) Behind the stomach
    • D) On top of the head
    • Answer: B) At the base of the neck
  2. What hormones does the thyroid gland produce?
    • A) Insulin and cortisol
    • B) Thyroxine and triiodothyronine
    • C) Estrogen and testosterone
    • D) Adrenaline and dopamine
    • Answer: B) Thyroxine and triiodothyronine
  3. Which disorder results from the underproduction of thyroid hormones?
    • A) Hypothyroidism
    • B) Hyperthyroidism
    • C) Thyroid Cancer
    • D) Goitre
    • Answer: A) Hypothyroidism
  4. When was World Thyroid Day officially declared?
    • A) 1965
    • B) 2007
    • C) 2024
    • D) 1980
    • Answer: B) 2007
  5. What is the theme for World Thyroid Day 2024?
    • A) Mental Health Awareness
    • B) Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs)
    • C) Women’s Health
    • D) Environmental Conservation
    • Answer: B) Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs)