Raising Awareness for Maternal Health: World Preeclampsia Day

Raising Awareness for Maternal Health: World Preeclampsia Day

World Preeclampsia Day is observed annually on May 22nd with the primary goal of raising awareness about preeclampsia, a serious pregnancy complication that poses significant risks to the lives of pregnant women and their babies.

Importance of Awareness

The Society of Fetal Medicine (SFM) underscores the importance of World Preeclampsia Day. Emphasis is placed on the need for early detection and effective management of preeclampsia to protect the health of both mothers and their babies.

Prevalence and Impact

Preeclampsia affects approximately 5-8% of pregnancies globally. It is one of the leading causes of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. This condition can develop suddenly after the 20th week of pregnancy and can lead to severe, even fatal, complications if not treated promptly.

Symptoms of Preeclampsia

Common symptoms of preeclampsia include:

  • High blood pressure
  • Protein in the urine
  • Severe headaches
  • Vision changes
  • Upper abdominal pain

Pregnant women are encouraged to attend all prenatal appointments and to report any unusual symptoms immediately.

SFM’s Commitment

On World Preeclampsia Day, the Society of Fetal Medicine has pledged to:

  • Raise awareness about preeclampsia
  • Urge healthcare professionals and the public to stay informed about the latest research and advancements in the diagnosis and management of preeclampsia

Call to Action

The SFM has called on policymakers to support initiatives that enhance maternal healthcare services. Ensuring that all women have access to quality prenatal care is crucial in the fight against preeclampsia.


Through collective efforts and increased awareness, the SFM aims to prevent the suffering caused by preeclampsia and to protect the lives of mothers and babies worldwide.

Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs):

  1. When is World Preeclampsia Day observed?
    • A. May 20th
    • B. May 22nd
    • C. June 22nd
    • D. July 22nd
    Answer: B. May 22nd
  2. What is preeclampsia?
    • A. A type of diabetes
    • B. A pregnancy complication characterized by high blood pressure
    • C. A respiratory disorder
    • D. A digestive issue
    Answer: B. A pregnancy complication characterized by high blood pressure
  3. What percentage of pregnancies are affected by preeclampsia globally?
    • A. 1-2%
    • B. 3-4%
    • C. 5-8%
    • D. 9-12%
    Answer: C. 5-8%
  4. Which of the following is NOT a symptom of preeclampsia?
    • A. High blood pressure
    • B. Severe headaches
    • C. Vision changes
    • D. Low blood sugar
    Answer: D. Low blood sugar
  5. What does the SFM urge policymakers to support?
    • A. Improved transportation services
    • B. Initiatives enhancing maternal healthcare services
    • C. Reduced taxes for pregnant women
    • D. Free education programs
    Answer: B. Initiatives enhancing maternal healthcare services